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SQA Prep.

 

Scotvec Navigation Solved Question papers : (Click below to download )

Contents are as follows;

These papers were solved by Capt. J. Hayez, at the Fleetwood nautical college. In case you have the updates (post 2007) please share them with us so that we may post them here.

1998 [ March June November ]
1999 [ March June November ]
2000 [ March June November ]
2001 [ March July November ]
2002 [ March July November ]
2003 [ March July November ]
2004 [ March July November ]
2006 [ March July November ]
2007 [ March July November ]
2008 [ March July November ]

Also download navigation formulas and procedures (by unknown author)

 

Scotvec Navigation Theory Part I: (Click here to download )

Contents are as follows;

|----- There was evidence of abnormal refraction near the horizon". State the precautions to be taken when planning and plotting the star sights to minimise effects of abnormal refraction -----|----- State the actions of the OOW on sighting fast ice, first year ice and ice cakes ahead. -----|----- One of the navigating officer draws the Master's attention to a features not contained on or at variance to the chart. Explain giving details the action that should be taken. -----|----- What actions would you take if 7/10 pack ice was sighted ahead of your own vessel ? -----|----- Discuss in general terms the activity of the navigator when constructing an Ocean Passage Plan. -----|----- Advantage of participating in a ship reporting system -----|----- State the advantages to the navigating officer of having Navtex Receiver on Bridge. -----|----- Describe the alternative courses of action that could be taken by the Master to keep his vessel safe and explain how each could keep the vessel clear of the worst of the storm. -----|----- When checking compass error by the amplitude method, state the correct position of the sun in relation to the visible horizon, giving reasons for your answer -----|----- State the general areas of the world where it is advantageous to use weather routeing, either shipboard or shore based. -----|----- Outline the basic concept of GMDSS. -----|----- State the benefits of Metroute to (i). the Master, (ii). the owner / charterer / manager. -----|----- Discuss the choice of morning stars w.r.t. bearing, altitude and the minimum number of stars for a high confidence fix when making this landfall. -----|----- Give a brief description of Navtex System of transmitters and receivers. -----|----- Broad details found in Alrs vol 6 & 7 -----|----- Broad details found in sailing directions. -----|----- Calling the Master -----|----- Change of pressure charts -----|----- Correction to charts -----|----- Explain how the Master should resolve the situation when different factors suggest different routes. -----|----- Classification of weather routing -----|----- List the main considerations taken into account by Ship Routeing Services when routeing ships in the North Atlantic -----|----- List the main considerations taken into account by Ship Routeing Services when routeing ships in the North Atlantic -----|----- Construction of least time track -----|----- State the contents of Summary of Annual Notices to Mariners -----|----- State the contents of the Chart 5500 (Mariners Routeing Guide to English Channel and North Sea). -----|----- Monthly Routeing Chart -----|----- Co-ordinated creeping line -----|----- Describe the method of keeping Admiralty Sailing Directions up to date between new editions. -----|----- Correction to publications -----|----- Current Rose Charts -----|----- List the data that is available on a Monthly Routeing Chart -----|----- Current rose charts, vector mean charts and predominant current charts are all available to the navigator. Describe how these charts differ and explain the use of each -----|----- INSPIRES (Indian Ship Position and Information Reporting System) -----|----- Describe the type of search patterns which should be used if raft is not sighted on arrival in area. -----|----- Describe the World Wide Navigation Warning System and include in the answer, (1). Types of warnings; (2). Areas covered; (3). Who issues each type; (4). Contents of warnings; (5). How are they promulgated. -----|----- Shore based ship routeing services can give a number of different types of route depending upon specific requirements of the vessel -----|----- Differentiate between Adopted and Non-Adopted Schemes. -----|----- Draw up a Bridge Emergency Procedures checklist for each of the circumstances listed below -----|----- Draw up a Bridge Emergency Procedures checklist for Man Overboard -----|----- Draw up a Bridge Emergency Procedures checklist for Stranding -----|----- Draw up a Bridge Emergency Procedures checklist for Steering Gear Failure -----|----- State the duties of the O.O.W. when under pilotage. -----|----- State and explain what errors could be anticipated when radar plotting. -----|----- Errors in Bearing -----|----- Errors in Range -----|----- Errors in the timing of plot interval -----|----- Expanding square search -----|----- Explain the Electronic Chart System. -----|----- State the factors which may cause actual soundings to differ from those expected in a harbour approach area -----|----- List the factors that the Master should take into consideration when determining the composition of watches. -----|----- State the factors that the Master must take into account when choosing an optimum route for an Ocean Passage -----|----- Explain, in general, the factors which make all routes indirect. -----|----- State the factors which may modify predicted times and heights of tides particularly in coastal waters -----|----- List the information which should accompany form H102 -----|----- State the function of an ice pilot, are they compulsory? -----|----- Outline the elements of the GMDSS system. -----|----- State the hazards to navigation associated with exploration rigs -----|----- State the hazards to navigation associated with production platforms -----|----- State the hazards to navigation associated with seismic survey vessels -----|----- State the hazards to navigation associated with wellheads -----|----- Hazards to Pilots -----|----- Explain why in high latitudes, the observation of the sun for checking compass error by the Amplitude Method is unreliable -----|----- Hindcast Charts -----|----- Explain how the Master may ascertain the vessel's position relative to the storms path by onboard observations. -----|----- A hurricane has been reported to be 120 miles to the eastward and moving in NW'ly direction. -----|----- Ice accretion : Problems in maintaining an accurate DR position -----|----- ice accretion : In performance of navigational instruments and electronic navigational aids -----|----- ice accretion : Problems in the use of floating marks and beacons -----|----- ice accretion : Problems in the use of sectored leading lights -----|----- ice breakers and reporting system -----|----- Ice charts -----|----- Ice information in South Atlantic -----|----- If these observations confirm that the vessel is in the advance semicircle of the storm state, making reference to the vessel schedule, the action that the Master should take to expedite the voyage. -----|----- Incorrect interpretation of target data -----|----- If there was doubt as to a suspected index error of the sextant used for the observation indicate reliability of the position. -----|----- List the information that the Master has to give to the Metroute Routeing Office or List the information that the Routeing Officer will require from the Master of vessel (i). before sailing (ii). whilst on voyage. -----|----- State the information that needs to be exchanged between the two vessels prior to arrival in the search area. -----|----- information contained in sailing directtion -----|----- State the information found in the Mariner's Handbook. -----|----- State the types of information that may be obtained from ALRS volume 6 (Pilot operations) in respect to a major port. -----|----- List the information that the Master has to give to the Metroute Routeing Office or List the information that the Routeing Officer will require from the Master of vessel (i). before sailing (ii). whilst on voyage. -----|----- Instructions to OOW for Ice Convoy -----|----- List the information that CSS will require from each of the other three Masters. -----|----- List the publications to be consulted when planning an Ocean Passage. -----|----- List the titles of the main sections of the Weekly Notices to Mariners. -----|----- Draw up a set of Master's standing orders for main engine failure. -----|----- Master should give the Pilot on boarding his vessel -----|----- Masters standing Instructions : Change over of the officer of the watch -----|----- masters standing Instructions : Fixing the vessel's position. -----|----- Masters standing Instructions : Conduct of bridge team when under pilotage -----|----- Masters Standing Instructions : restricted visibility -----|----- Masters Standing Instructions : Whilst the vessel is at anchor. -----|----- Masters Standing Instructions : Checking / testing bridge and navigation equipments. -----|----- Masters standing Instructions : Handing over watch at sea. -----|----- Masters Standing Instructions : to the bridge team for passage through an ice region. -----|----- State the additional instructions, w.r.t. the oilfield, that the Master should give to the Officer drawing up the passage plan to ensure that the vessel passes these hazards safely -----|----- State the Master's statutory duties on receiving radio reports indicating that dangerous ice ahead on the vessel's track. -----|----- Meteorological Routeing Information. -----|----- State, with reasons, the minimum number of stars required to obtain a reliable position. -----|----- Navigation in proximity of rigs. -----|----- Navigation when towing. -----|----- Nephanalysis Charts -----|----- In the absence of any other sights or PL, assess the value of series of Pole star sights in monitoring the vessels Progress along its track. -----|----- In the absence of any other sights or PL, assess the value of series of Pole star sights in monitoring the vessels cross track error. -----|----- State the objectives of Ship's Routeing as adopted by IMO. -----|----- For routeing purposes "Ocean Passages for the World " catagorises vessels as full powered, moderate powered and low powered. -----|----- Offshore Installations -----|----- Offshore zone navigation (North Sea and Gulf of Mexico) -----|----- The O.O.W. in a vessel in deep water obtains a shallow sounding unexpectedly -----|----- Outline the AMVER system. -----|----- State and explain what errors could be anticipated when radar plotting : own vessel data incorrect. -----|----- Pilot - master exchange of information. -----|----- Preparation before entering an ICE. -----|----- Explain briefly the principle sources of information used by the Hydrographic Department in compiling and maintain charts. -----|----- Discuss the problems associated with fixing the vessels position on passage from Nagoya to Brisbane by astro navigation. -----|----- Discuss the problems associated with fixing the vessels position on passage from Nagoya to Brisbane due to ice accretion -----|----- List the problems encountered when transiting Straits of Magellan. -----|----- Discuss the problems involved in making stellar observations in the Red sea. -----|----- Whilst proceeding to a distress what preparations as a Chief Officer would you make ? -----|----- State with respect to published tidal information, the sources available to a Master to determine intermediate times and heights in offshore waters such as in the Southern North sea. -----|----- Radar Plotting Analysis. -----|----- State the factors that the four Masters should take into consideration when determining which of them will take on the role of the Co-ordinator Surface Search (CSS). -----|----- Discuss in general terms the reliability of navigation charts. -----|----- Give details of a bridge routine that will ensure that vessel does not meet storm unexpectedly. -----|----- A vessel is about to approach a pilotage station. Describe the actions of the Bridge team to ensure that the pilot is embarked safely and the ship is not stood into danger. -----|----- SAR - Mission Co-Ordinator Duty -----|----- List the sea areas designated by GMDSS and the means of communication within each. -----|----- Sector search -----|----- Small Vessel Engagement. -----|----- The SOLAS convention requires the Master of any vessel to report encountering certain meteorological conditions. State the conditions that are to be reported and to whom the report is made. -----|----- State the sources of information to ascertain chart reliability and lesser depth. -----|----- Checking and testing the bridge equipment -----|----- Masters standing Instructions : keeping a lookout -----|----- Masters standing Instructions : for the maintenance of charts and other publication -----|----- Strategic Routeing -----|----- Surface Prognostic Charts -----|----- Surface Synoptic Analysis Chart -----|----- Swell in the South Atlantic -----|----- Tactical Routeing -----|----- If a TRS is detected, explain how the Master may ascertain the vessel's position relative to the storm path by onboard observations. -----|----- Type of crafts requiring "wide berth". -----|----- Upper Air Charts -----|----- Describe a Hindcast chart and explain its use to the ship's Master / owner / Charterer. -----|----- Vector Mean Current Charts -----|----- vessel navgtng open pack ice fast ice on -----|----- A vessel is navigating in open pack ice with fast ice along a snow covered coastline. State the advice / orders the Master should give to the Bridge upon entering ice when this cant be avoided. -----|----- The use of headlands and other topographical features for visual bearings when position fixing and for clearing lines. -----|----- A vessel is navigating in open pack ice with fast ice along a snow covered coastline. State the advice / orders the Master should give to the Bridge with respect to use of radar to fix vessels position -----|----- A vessel is navigating in open pack ice with fast ice along a snow covered coastline. State the advice / orders the Master should give to the Bridge with respect to the use of sectored leading lights as leading lines. -----|----- A vessel on a south westerly course is making a passage through the TRS region of the Western South Pacific in March. -----|----- Watchkeeping arrangements -----|----- Watchkeeping arrangements on ocean passages in clear weather -----|----- Watchkeeping arrangements on ocean passages in restricted visibility -----|----- Wave Charts -----|----- What all is included in a "chart outfit" ? -----|----- State where the navigator will find details of the position of Exploration rigs. -----|----- State where the navigator will find details of the position of Production platforms -----|----- State, where amongst the official publications, the Master would find details of the Ice Breaker services available in Swedish waters. -----|----- State why there is no time given in the nautical almanac for Nautical Twilight in high latitudes on 4th August, 1976. -----|

 

Scotvec Navigation Theory Part II: (Click here to download )

These notes are personally compiled and graciously donated by Mr. Raj Sadasivam (rajsadasivam@yahoo.com)

Contents are as follows;

| General Summary of World climatic chart | Icebergs | Pack Ice | South Atlantic / S. Indian Ocean / South Pacific Ocean January (summer) | Pressure patterns Common for July and January | North Atlantic doldrums North east trade winds South West monsoon Variables (Horse latitudes) Westerlies Hurricane area | Typhoon question off Taiwan Nov 2004 | Typhoon question off Mozambique channel March 2004 | Storm question N. Atlantic Nov 2003 | High powered, Low powered vessel | Riding out TRS in port | Dangerous quadrant | Automatic identification system (AIS) | Electronic charts (ECDIS) | Least time track | Routing | ICS bridge procedure guide | Proceeding to rescue | On scene commander (OSC) | Form H102 & H102A | Standing instructions | Master pilot exchange | Contents of pilot card | Bridge manning | Contents of routing chart | Hazards of ice | Contents of MSN, MGN & MIN | Mandatory SOLAS reportings | AMVER system | Chart 5500 | NAVTEX system | Ice in Baltic | World wide navigation warning system | Navarea, Coastal, local warnings | Adopted and non adopted routing systems | Objectives of IMO routeing | Emergency procedures Main engine failure | Gyro failure | Steering failure | Man overboard | Power failure / black out | Piracy | Night order book | Contents of bridge publications | Abnormal refraction | Specific passage plans | Bridge equipment | Tides |

 

Scotvec Navigation Theory Part III: (Click here to download )

These notes are personally compiled and graciously donated by Mr. Randhawa.

Contents are as follows;

| Mandatory nautical publications | Contents of nautical publications | Contents of routing charts | Contents of annual summary of admiralty notices to mariners | IMO routing guide | Ocean passages of the world | Mariners handbook | Weekly notices to mariners | Nautical almanac | Chart catalogue | factors determining a safe passage plan including loadline, oceanographical and climatological | Gnomonic charts | Weather routing | making landfall | Ship routing schemes | navigating in the vicinity of offshore installations | contingencies | Vicinity of a TRS (tropical revolving storm) | navigating near ice | appropriate position fixing methods | position fixing frequency | terrestial position fixing methods | parallel indexing | ECDIS electronic charts | Electronic nav aids | ISM with respect to bridge procedures | composition of a bridge team | standing orders | master pilot exchange | UMS classification | Participating in search and rescue (SAR) | helicopter procedure |

 

Scotvec Stability Theory I : (Click here to download)

Contents are as follows;

|----- action by officers on synchronous rolling | asymmetric ice accretion list | asymmetric ice accretion rise of g | bagged grain in saucer | bulbous bow to reduce eddy making resist | bulbous bow to reduce form resistance | bulbous bow to reduce frictional resistance | bulbous bow to reduce wave making resist | bulkheads within main vertical zones | bundling in bulk | compensate adverse effects grain shift | derive heeling arm wrt grain regs | describe inclining experiment and calculations | describe interaction between two ships | determine proposed grain stowage satisfying regulations | eddy making resistance | effect on dynamic stability shifting of bulk cargo | effects of asymmetric ice accretion | explain squat and how it occurs | explain synchronous rolling and hazards | factor of subdivision | factors affecting the magnitude of squat | factors affecting weight and dist of ball | fire detection and alarm systems | fitting bulbous bow to reduce resistance | floodable length | frictional resistance | grain loading info provided to ship | grain rules | grain rules cargo measures | grain rules documents of authorization | grain rules grain loading stability book | grain rules improving conditions | grain rules intact stability requirement | grain rules points to remember | grain rules principles | grain rules stability measures | grain stowage longitudinal division | grain stowage over stowing | grain stowage strapping or lashing | how to determine metacentric height | hull flooding and survival capability | importance of trim and GM for drydock | inadequate GM prior drydock remedy | inclining experiment | initial stability conditions | international loadline certif survey | itemize contents of stability booklet | load ship crossing various loadlines safely | lodicator input data | lodicator output data | lodicator purpose | main factors affecting period of roll | main vertical zones and horizontal zones | minimum intact stability criteria grain | minimum stability requirements for damage conditions | neutral | opening in “A” class bulkheads | outline purpose of shipboard loadicator | permissible length | precautions prior inclining experiment | principles for pass ship FFA construction requirements | protection of stairways and lifts | restriction of combustible material | shallow water effect of ship handling | shallow water effects | signs vessel is experiencing squat | special cautionary notes in loading book | stability problems faced by supply vessels | stable | structural aspects of fire protection on passenger ships | structure of FFA construction | supply vessels astern trim | supply vessels operation of stabilizer tanks | supply vessels stability problems loading | three types of resistance affecting vessels | timber carrier beam wind actions | timber ship causes of deteriorating stability enroute | timber ship draw specimen stability curve | timber ship minimum stability requirement through voyage | tortinal stresses in a seaway | tortinal stresses in port | tortinal stresses on a cellular type shi | unstable | ventilation systems | wave making resistance | windows and side scuttles |

 

Scotvec Stability Theory II: (Click here to download)

Contents are as follows;

| angle of loll | Carriage of timber | corrections tabular to assigned freeboar | critical instant dry docking stability | damage stability | difference between type A and B | free trim wrt offshore supply vessels | improvement of stability on roro ships | inclining experiment | load line rules | loadicator | Loadline surveys | natural rolling period | passenger vessel flooding requirement | stability of offshore supply vessel | stability on ro ro ships | Statical stab curve derived fm KN values | stiff tender vessels | still water rolling period | Stress and stability data | synchronous rolling | Type A Ships loadline rules | Type B Ships loadline rules | upthrust | virtual loss of GM | windage |

 

Scotvec Stability Theory III: (Click here to download)

These notes are personally compiled and graciously donated by Mr. Charumathy Sreeraman

Contents are as follows;

| Effect of cargo shifting on GZ | GZ curve transverse shift | GZ curve changing the trim | GZ curve decreasing the beam | GZ curve decreasing the freeboard | GZ curve decreasing the FSC | GZ curve flooding | GZ curve ice accretion | GZ curve in neutral condition | GZ curve in stable condition | GZ curve in unstablel condition | GZ curve increase in draught | GZ curve increasing the beam | GZ curve increasing the freeboard | GZ curve increasing the FSC | GZ curve timber cargo |

 

Scotvec Stability Theory IV: (Click here to download)

These notes are personally compiled and graciously donated by Mr. Raj Sadasivam (rajsadasivam@yahoo.com)

Contents are as follows;

| collision, side-damage & flooding | bilging Nov 2002 | RO-RO Jun 2000, March 2000 | effect of heavy lift on dynamical stability Nov 2004 | unsymmetrical ice Mar 2004 | drydocking - 'P' force, trim, upthrust July 2004, Mar 2000 | synchronous rolling Mar 2004 | Inclining experiment Mar 2004, Nov 2002 | loadicator - stress finding equipment July 2004 | Grain July 2003, Nov 2000, Mar 2000 | wind heeling, free trim July 2001, 2002, 2005 | free surface effect Nov 2004, July 2003 | loadline regulations Nov 2000, Mar 2003 | loadline surveys Jun 2000, Nov 2000/2003/2004 | GZ curves July 2004, Nov 2001/2003, March 2002 | likely questions and important notes |

 

 

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